Martyr (Nepali: शहिद; Shahid) in Nepal is a term for some one who is executed while making contributions for the welfare of the country or society. The term was originally used for individuals who died while opposing the Rana Regime which was in place in the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951.
Lakhan Thapa is regarded as the first martyr of Nepal.
List of martyrs
Rebelled against Juddha Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana: (4 Martyrs martyred in 1941 — represented in the Shahid Gate)
Dharma Bhakta Mathema
Ganga Lal Shrestha
Ratna Kumar Bantawa
Yagya Bahadur Thapa
Note: Ramhari Sharma, founder of Nepal Praja Parishad, was not given the death sentence as he was a Brahmin, and is often called a “living martyr.”